ABSTRACT: Although information technology (hereafter, IT) expenditures represent an increasingly large investment for most corporations, firms are not required to disclose them separately in their financial statements. We hypothesize and find evidence that information about a firm’s IT expenditures helps explain its future performance as reflected in both accounting measures (residual income, earnings volatility) and market measures (stock price and long-run abnormal returns). In particular, we provide evidence of market mispricing and suggest the lack of firm-level annual IT expenditure disclosure as one potential reason for such mispricing. Altogether, the evidence presents a persuasive case that information about a firm’s IT expenditures is useful to stock market participants. The evidence we report is useful to managers and accounting policy makers contemplating the public disclosure of firm-level information about IT investments.

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