This article explains how to apply brokers' valuation methods to accounting for bonds when interest payments do not coincide with settlement or balance sheet dates. We show how to calculate a bond's present value on these dates using a simple approach that conforms with the method used by brokerage institutions to compute the bond's “actual price.” We then clarify how a broker subtracts accrued interest from this actual price to arrive at the quoted price, and how this quoted price relates to the bond's carrying amount and “fair value” (per SFAS Nos. 107, 115 and 124). We also precisely compute the change in a bond's carrying amount over fractional periods after settlement and around balance sheet dates. Finally, we demonstrate how to integrate these refinements into intermediate textbook illustrations. Throughout, we provide instructions for computing bond valuations using spreadsheet application functions.

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