This study explores managerial behavioral responses associated with the extent to which a firm's performance measurement system is linked to its strategy (SPMS). We hypothesize that an SPMS is positively associated with higher levels of job‐relevant information (JRI) and lower levels of role stressors, which are then associated with higher levels of managerial performance. Using survey data from over 700 respondents, we find that an SPMS positively affects performance through its relations with JRI and role ambiguity (RA). Managers perceive that they have higher levels of JRI and lower levels of both role conflict (RC) and RA when they have an SPMS closely linked to strategy. In turn, performance is higher when managers perceive that their RA is lower. Additionally, we find that the link to the evaluative process, complexity, and managerial experience moderate the relations between an SPMS and JRI, RA, and RC.

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