This paper investigated the accounting system of Walker Evans & Cogswell, a printing company in Charleston, South Carolina, in order to ascertain the nature and influence of management accounting during the New South Movement. Through archival analysis, the accounting techniques used by the Company were found to be effective management tools for planning and control during the period in which the Southern economy was transformed from agrarian to manufacturing. The findings raise new questions about existing studies on nineteenth century managerial accounting, especially for the printing industry.

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